Kenya has a rich history of rock art, ranging over several thousand years with a variety of styles and themes with the major concentrations of art occurring in western Kenya near Lake Victoria. Mfangano Island has two painting sites, Mawanga Cave and Kwitone shelter, where red and white geometric symbols 1,000 to 4,000 years old can be seen. The centre of the island also has cupules which are probably much older than the paintings. The paintings are believed to have been made by the Twa people, a nomadic tribe pre dating the Nilotic people and a relative of the Pygmy tribes from the Congo basin. Treks to the Cupules and the Kwiotne shelter take approximately 3 hours and can be arranged with a guide or a short boat ride to the Mwanga cave which holds great historic significance to the local Suba tribe. The Suba were originally refugees from Uganda and their language is almost identical. When they fled Uganda to Mfangano they sought refuge in the Mwanga cave and are said to have used powerful magic conjured from within the cave to overcome their enemies and lay claim to the Island some 300 years ago. The chief of the Mwanga people loves to receive guests in the cave and regale them with tales from his tribes past with very informative and colorful talks. There is no entrance fee into the cave however it is customary to leave a donation at the camp after your trip which is put to a committee and used improve the Mwanga primary school which was established by the community to cater for the children of nearby fishermen, before the school was constructed the children had to walk large distances to the nearest schools meaning that many of the children did not attend school at all. The school is still in very basic stages of construction but thanks to the kind donations of guests it is moving from strength to strength.